For all the professionals and enthusiasts, Wielding is a rewarding and exciting technique. With the handful of items of some tools and equipment, welders can transform any metals into any shape they desire, and they like with the sparks flying around all the processes. However, to be perfect in the art of welding, it is better to indulge in the different types of welding processes.

Also, there are more than thirty types of welding process exits, and they range from the common oxy-fuel to the smart and high-tech processes like the laser beam weldings. Anyhow there are only four common types of welding that do exists, and they are TIG, MIG, Flux-core arc, and Stick welding. You must have the perfect practice to be master to each of them because every process has its advantages and disadvantages.

Types of  Welding Processes

Following are some of the common types of welding processes:

GMAW or MIG ( Gas Metal Arc Welding)

In this process, a welding gun is to feed a continuous electrode. The operator needs to pull a trigger timely to feed a consumable electrode through. Through this process an electric arc form in between a base material and the electrode. To makes the content reach its melting point that is significantly important to get things on the track, and due to this possible joint are possible.

What Do You Need?

In MIG you need the externally supplied shielding gas and other common uses gases like the carbon steel, stainless steel, nickel, Copper, Aluminum, and silicon bronze as well.

Pros Of MIG Welding
  • Thanks to the higher electrode efficiency due to this it includes the waste reduction
  • Required minimal weld cleanup
  • Lesser heat inputs
  • Lesser welding fumes
  • The most natural methods that beginners or DIY enthusiasts can quickly get with no complications in their way.
Cons Of MIG
  • For the best MIG welders, the external shielding gas usually costs high
  • It might be possible that some of the other equipment is also best here
  • It offers the limited positions through which you can weld, as you cannot weld through the overhead or the vertical welding’s
  • Also, it enables you to weld thick materials firsts
  • Every material must be free from rust and dust to get things good

Application Of MIG Welding’s

The prime use of MIG welding is in the Automotive Industry in replacing the catalytic converter, or they are full exhausts. Also, it can make you enable to withstand large forces too. The prime reason for MIG welding in the Automotive industry is due to the strength and versatility that it offers. Other prominent uses of MIG welding are the Robotics, Brandings, the sector of marine, and construction industry too.

It is that MIG welding’s settings must correctly set to maintain the thickness of the material. Also, speed is the other factor that can affect the periods and other elements of the settings precisely. When you decrease the rate, then you will be able to get the things right on the track with the help of the advance installations of the weld penetrations. Also, there are different options available when you are thinking to peruse this method as the perfect welding option primarily for the specific project.

GTAW Or TIG- Gas Tungsten Arc Welding

TIG or the Heli arc are the two names of the same welding process. TIG is the process that can be possible with the help of a non-consumable tungsten electrode to heed the base metal and created the molten puddle by the support of this process. Also, this process can be possible with the help of autogenous weld, and there are no fillers needed here. To create a weld bead, you can put the external padding into the molten puddle. It is also useful to increase the mechanical properties of the metal. As in the case of MIG welding, you need the external gas supply. Some common of them is the helium and argon mixtures and only argon.

The most common uses of the TIG are the welding includes in the motorcycles, aerospace, and bike weldings.

Pros Of TIG welding
  • It serves the considerable benefit to weld a fragile material so easily in no time.
  • Also, it serves the high-quality cleaning welds
  • Moreover, you will see the aesthetic weld beads in it
  • Besides this, with the high-quality TIG welding, you will also be able to attain the solder in the full range of the alloys and get the spatter free wells, so there is no worry about the debris.
Cons Of TIG Welding
  • It includes the high cost of the equipment and the lower rates of depositions
  • Also, you will need the external shielding gases as well.
  • To get high debris results, you will also need top operator skills in it.

Due to high degree purity and the clean weld TIG welding is the highly demanded weld nowadays. Also, it is very famous among all the vendors. Also, it offers excellent welding methods with higher degrees of purity too. In it, the technique is common includes stainless steel. However, some of the other choices of metals are also good like magnesium, aluminum, nickels, and coppers.


In the industries where nonferrous metals are prevalent, there is a TIG process regarded as the most amazing process to get the things done at the right time. Also, this method is suitable for the manufacturing of bicycles, vehicles, construction of the tubings. Also, it involves the maintainers and repairing oof the number of tools that are made from the aluminum, magnesium, and stainless steel too.

SMAW Or Stick ( Shielded Metal Arc Welding)

Stick or the SMAW is the process in which the metal welding process is the active process that is used in the electrode to produce the electric current for the welding material. Also, the metal electrode that is for this purpose includes the core wire- coded influx. It is useful when the tip of the electrode is dipped in the workpiece and is still close in contact to generate a temperature of about 6500. During the process, the molten metal is from the nitrates and oxides.

It means that this process is perfect for heavy equipment, constructions, pipeline welding, steel erections, and heavy equipment repairing.

Pros Of Stick
  • The vital pieces of equipment involved offering the low cost and the portability as well.
  • Unlike the MIG or TIG, there is no need for external gas usage, and it means there is no issue of such welding even during the times of heavy rainfall or wind outside
  • Also, such metals work for the surface of the rusty and dusty metal so it is best to use where you cannot use TIG or MIG techniques
Cons Of Shield
  • It involves the lower consumable efficiency, as in this way a lot of welding waste is in this way
  • It is possible through the skilled hands
  • To master the skills, it still takes you a bit longer to learn this process like a pro.
  • Moreover, this method is usually obsolete when it to MIG anti-aging methods. It is because it is the primary welding technique. However, it is sometimes not always you can use the MIG or TIG for this process due to position, skill, and the type of materials.

Also, such sort of welding requires a low-cost solution which is the other best thing about this process. Also, the result is not that satisfactory because the weld that is involved here may have the shallow porosity, penetration, offers a significant vulnerable against the extreme weather, and offers the process of cracking.

FCAW Or Flux-Cored Arc Welding

Due to the involvement of the uninterrupted electrode, this process is somewhat like the MIG welding method. However, instead of the solid wire, it requires the tube-shaped cable that involves the full flux. Also, you have the type of two sorts of flux core wires. It will offer the services socially and shield the wire’s performances. Also, the right social cables are the best for outdoor usage. Also, it is better on the windy situations and offers the weld puddle that is modern.

Pros Of Fcaw Or Flux-cored Arc Welding
  • It requires the high efficiency of the electrode that needed less waste than any other welding process.
  • Also, it needed the lower hit inputs.
  • Moreover, there is no need for the external shielding gas
  • Also, you might need the lower welding fumes than the metal usually used in welding
  • You do not need to deal with debris as it does not require that

(EBW) or Electronic Beam Welding

In this process, the high speed of the electron fired on the material that needs the pro to weld it. In this process, energy into the sheets after transforming the high energy electrons into the pure energy that worth welded materials. Moreover, such sort of materials can also be merge and fuse together. Also, this sort of welding is used in Industries of high-cost aircraft engines to spare parts of the automation. Some of the examples of the products that are from this process are the transmission assemblies, bimetal saw blades, and aerospace components.

Welding By Atomic Hydrogen Or (AHW)

Most of the Gas Metal Arc Welding Methods are no longer in use due to these welding techniques. However, it is still in use due to the specific purposes of weldings from the tungsten. Also, this metal is highly resistant to heat. Moreover, by using this technique, you can work on the highly restart method by creating a cohesive, strong weld. Also, just like other welding jobs, it is essential here as well to wear the gloves for safety and protection. ​

Welding From Gas Tungsten Arc

It is the most time-consuming method of welding as it requires most of the time working on the smaller areas in between the metals of the arc that intent to weld. For this purpose, small strips of metals are used for welding’s, to get the final object in the best possible way that will last for several years. Primarily it is used for the bicycle industries, and others minute focus required workplaces.

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People Also Ask- Types of Welding Processes

1.     What are the different types of welding processes?

The standard process of the weldings is the MIG, TIG; Flux-cored Arc welding, Stick or shielded metal arc welding’s, Atomic hydrogen welding, Plasma Arc welding

2.     What are the three types of solder?

The basic and the best three types of welding are the t-joints, edge joints, and corner joints. Also, the best of all of them is the Tee joints.

3.     What are the five basic classes of welding joints?

The most common type of welding joints is the tee joints, Lap joints, edge joints, or corner joints.

4.     Which is the best welding process?

Shielded metal arc welding or the SMAW that is also the MMAW or the manual metal arc welding is the most recognized and the best method with the most versatile welding process. Also, almost 90% of the welding’s are through this method.

5.     What are the five welding positions?

The most common types of welding positions are horizontal, flat, vertical, and overhead. However, among all the most common ones that you will do is the filet one or the groove weld. You can do these welds by the four positions. Every position has its own need and demand.


All in all, some of the types from the thirty types of welding; every type of welding has its benefits. It is recommended to choose according to your demand and need.